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SUMMER / FALL 2019      © 2021 812 Magazine

Written in stone: Indiana limestone across the nation

Indiana limestone landmarks

  1. Pentagon - Located in Arlington, Virginia, the Pentagon serves as headquarters to the United States Department of Defense. On September 11, 2001 a hijacked airplane crashed into the western side of the building. The reconstruction used Indiana limestone fabricated by Bybee Stone in Ellettsville, Ind. It was completed a year later and rededicated on September 11, 2002.
  2. Washington National Cathedral - Construction of the Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul began in 1907 and lasted 83 years until 1990 with the completion of the west towers. Adorned with 400 angels and gargoyles, the cathedral is one of the United States' oldest buildings made of Indiana limestone.
  3. Lincoln Memorial - Look for Indiana limestone on the interior walls and columns of the Lincoln Memorial, dedicated in 1922 to honor Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president. Indiana Limestone other materials represent the regions of the United States.
  4. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum - In 1980 Congress voted to establish the museum made of Indiana limestone exterior. It first opened in 1993 in Washington D.C., and has since had more than 30 million visitors.
  5. Empire State Building - Named after New York State's nickname, the "Empire State," and completed in 1931, the once tallest building in the world is made of Indiana limestone and remains New York City's highest peak.
  6. Rockefeller Center - An estimated million people walk through Rockefeller Center each year in Midtown Manhattan. Built by the Rockefeller family, it uses Indiana limestone and was completed in May of 1933.
  7. Biltmore Estate - George Washington Vanderbilt II built his mansion near Asheville, N.C. in the early 1890s. This Indiana limestone-clad estate features 250 rooms.
  8. Grand Central Station - Accurately named Grand Central Terminal, this New York City train station includes Indiana limestone. Grand Central was once saved from becoming a 55-story tower thanks to the Landmarks Preservation Commission.
  9. Tribune Tower - Sitting on Michigan Avenue in Chicago, the home of The Chicago Tribune was completed in 1925, incorporating Indiana limestone in the design as well as several other famous stones, including rock from the Roman Colosseum and China's Great Wall.
  10. Monument Circle - The State Soldiers and Sailors Monument stands in the center of Indianapolis at almost 285 feet, just 15 ft. shorter than the Statue of Liberty. The monument was completed in 1889 to honor veterans of the Hoosier state and is among the first dedicated to common soldiers.

More about Indiana limestone:

Rocks to riches

Indiana's bedrock

Southern Indiana's superior stone

From the ground to the buildings

Stepping stones